How many people in the country to eat "fiscal meal"? For a long time, financial support of the Government data, China has been the focus of public attention, sparking controversy. Recently, the Vice President of the China Society of economic reform, Beijing reform and Development Research Association, Chen Jian provides the latest data is, by the end of 2014, China's actual contribution is much more than 64 million.
The economic information daily, published on September 17 an article titled the four economic reform needs to be further reported, detailing the interview with Chen Jian.
Prior to this, on Government issues common in the concept of public information include: party and Government civil servants, Government employees and financial support, and so on. But so far, announced as the Chinese Government does not systematically related to the number, this number varies due to different statistical standards. 4 judges in Shiyan, Hubei Province stabbed the
Chen Jian was from a taxpayer perspective, scale of financial support as a way to measure the size of the Chinese Government, which means financial is required to pay income and number of personnel expenses. His financial support, China is divided into three parts, one is the dangzhengqun staff, mainly worked for party committees, people's congresses, Governments, law enforcement agencies, the CPPCC, democratic parties and mass organizations, institutions; the second is public institution personnel, worked in education, research, health and many other areas; the third is dangzhengqun retired personnel of State organs and institutions.
According to the Treasury Department published in 2012 of the 2009 local government finance statistics data show that by the end of 2009, the country does not include the financial support of the Central Government had a population of 53.926 million people, and these are prepared by the civil service or public institution personnel within the system. In addition, substantial financial support personnel in China, including hundreds of thousands of villagers Committee and neighborhood of the city staff. These persons are not part of any one of the above three persons, but in China around the neighborhood and cadres mostly from financial salary reference management in public institutions. According to Chen Jian described China's financial support of more than 10 million people.
Based on this statistic, Chen Jian, said by the end of 2014, China financial and practical support more than 64 million more than United Kingdom population.
Access to information can be found in the past, Chen Jian's financial support personnel data in population estimates of intermediate values. The Phoenix weekly, in 2013, a report has said China's "eating public grain" population has more than 57 million as of 2009 alone, the figure had approached United Kingdom the size of the population and increase of more than 1 million people a year.
In addition, popular is the data on the Web in 2008, released by the State Ethnic Affairs Commission, the national number of cadres of ethnic minorities was 2.915 million, accounting for 7.4% of the total cadres, netizens concluded there are cadres of 39.4 million people. But this conclusion with civil servant status refers only to the so-called "cadre" group, does not include a public institution and retired personnel.
Also has a claims is, except dangzhengqun organ civil servants outside, dangzhengqun organ in the of associate civil servants, and institutions personnel, and not included budget himself charges dependent of government institutions and law enforcement personnel, and State-owned enterprise and State-owned commercial banks in the large administrative level of civil servants nature of officials, and County village in the large by fine and charges dependent of non-prepared management personnel (about 20 million) and by financial dependent of administrative and institutions retired personnel. Above total more than 70 million people.
Chen Jian believes that increase administrative costs must be taxes, business stress, economic growth weakened, which undoubtedly is one of the factors affecting sustainable economic growth. Therefore, "many lower administrative costs, reduced Government, scientific government agencies, may be the most influential, and most sustainable initiatives. "
In addition, not only stocks of China's financial support is huge, its accelerating growth trend is a cause for concern. The Phoenix weekly paper, fall from the long break and in-service personnel increased rapidly, from 1998 to 2009, 11 years, the scale of financial support in China increased by 15.5 million people, with an average annual increase of 1.41 million.
In this context, about the size of Government is beyond the financial and national capacity was discussed. Which is a statistical standard of financial support than that the financial ratio of the dependent population and total population. According to Chen Jian introduced, currently about 23 a taxpayer to support a financial support staff. At the beginning of the reform and opening up, 67 the taxpayer to keep a financial support staff; 20 years ago, this ratio is 40:1. Now, 23:1 figure has developed alongside.
In addition to too large and growing too fast, and issues of China's financial support is that the high administrative costs and management costs. Chen Jian said in an interview, Chinese Government hierarchy, personnel, administrative costs, and "Government spending little in moderation". This also has been criticized by outsiders. Former Premier Zhu Rongji of the State Council said that bloated bodies and a large number of administrative staff, "all state money."
As for "too much dependency", the present Government has repeatedly made statements. On March 17, 2013, Mr Li as the new Prime Minister met with the media and the public, among them Li keqiang, cuts in government spending, to set some ground rules: this administration, a Government Office buildings are not new; second, the only financial support does not increase; third, public reception, go abroad at public expense and public cars only reduced rather than increased. Two years later, Li also said that simple policy is not enough, "too many people", and further increase the intensity of simple policy.
Measures to reduce administrative costs, said Chen Jian, reduce Government, scientific government agencies, may be the most influential, and most sustainable initiatives.
Now, the Chinese Government has five levels, namely Central, provincial and municipal districts, cities, counties, towns and urban streets. However, since there are more administrative levels, the State administrative system forms the head, belly, feet light, middle-tier dense overlap bloated waste of administrative resources, while increasing the operating cost, reduce the administrative running efficiency, also inhibited the play of all levels of government activism.
In fact, as early as 2005, Central was first explicitly proposed to reduce the administrative levels, "Eleven-Five" recommendations put forward many important new requirements for deepening the reform, including deepening the restructuring of Government, optimizing the Organization, reduce administrative level, straighten out the assignment of responsibility.
In addition, reform and Development Institute issued a report for two consecutive years suggests an increase in promoting the construction of four tiers of Government. Reports such as the "revocation of prefecture-level cities formed, merged compressed scale of the neighborhood", and so on.
Also, the setting of adjustment is also considered measures. Since reform and opening up, the Central and the State Council reform of administrative institutions has been more than 7 times, 4 times put forward the goal of streamlining the Organization and personnel. That 1998 is the most streamlined one at a time, in sequence, from the central to the local, 4-year, national dangzhengqun authorities at all levels were to streamline the administrative establishment of 1.15 million, city, County and township Governments to repel supernumerary staff of about 430,000 people.